The EU is a unique economic and political partnership between 28 European countries that together cover much of the continent.
2. When was it established? Who were the original members?
Created in 1958, and initially increasing economic cooperation between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands
3. Who is in it currently? [Access this site for an accurate number of members: EU MEMBERS
Czech Republic 2004
Slovak Republic 2004
4. Which European nations are NOT members? Albania Andorra Belarus Bosnia-Herzegovina Croatia Iceland Liechtenstein Macedonia Moldova Monaco Montenegro Norway Russia San Marino Serbia Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Vatican City 5. What does it do?
Bring people in Europe closer together.
Make it easier for Europeans to buy and sell things to each other
6. How is it run?
7. Who and why are some in the UK Pro-Europeans?
They think being in the EU is a good idea and often want the UK to start using the Euro currency.
Pro-Europe people think Britain will benefit from being part of a larger group of countries.
They often argue that Britain is in danger of being left behind by the rest of the EU if it doesn't join the Euro.
8. Who and why are some in the UK Eurosceptics?
Some Eurosceptics feel that the UK is different from other European countries.
They are often worried that the UK is losing its independence and identity.
The UK Independence Party currently have 10 members of the European Parliament. They use their positions to campaign for British withdrawal from the EU.
9. What is the Euro?
The euro is a type of money that is used by 16 countries in Europe. and was introduced in January 2002.
10. How has the EU grown since its birth?
1957 The European Union started with just six countries, also called members.
1973 It expanded to nine countries, this is when the UK joined.
1981 Greece joined, so there were 10 members.
1986 Spain and Portugal joined to make it 12 EU countries.
1995 Three more countries joined making 15 members.
2004 Ten more countries joined, most of them in Eastern Europe. Taking the total to 25 members.
2007 Romania and Bulgaria joined, bringing the total to 27.
11. Top five aims of the EU?
1. Promote economic and social progress.
Help people earn enough money and get treated fairly.
2. Speak for the European Union on the international scene.
By working as a group the EU hopes that Europe will be listened to more by other countries.
3. Introduce European citizenship.
Anyone from a member state is a citizen of the EU and gets four special rights.
4. Develop Europe as an area of freedom, security and justice.
Help Europeans to live in safety, without the threat of war.
5. Maintain and build on established EU law.
Make laws that protect peoples rights in the member countries.