For Joining the EU (Pros)
- Turkey’s Geographical location is country that separates western and Islamic worlds.
- It is also the country across which key pipelines bring oil and gas from Asia
- Turkish economy is growing rapidly and European countries need to access it as easy as possible
- Turkey gets along with the middle east better than other European Countries
- Turkey’s population is young and well-educated, and EU can not afford to ignore this
- Turks are familiar with Europe and its customs
- Turkey has already listened to the EU on what the EU wanted Turkey to change
Against Joining the EU (Cons)
- Many EU members feel that Turkey shouldn't be let in, and their opinions should matter.
- Culturally, Turkey is not European. It is an Islamic nation, which does not fit into the EU ‘Christian Club’
- Granting membership would allow a wave of Turkish immigrants into Europe
- Turkey is a very big country, and would soon exercise too much power in the EU
- Turkey does not treat everyone equally
- Turkey is not wealthy enough to join the EU, and would cost taxpayers more
- Turkey is not accepted by Greece
- Turkey refuses to recognize the Genocide and the EU has extremely strict laws against Holocaust denial.
2a: How is immigration a problem for the EU?
Immigration is a problem for the EU because it creates security, and trade issues. The member states of the European union have tried to stop this problem by agreeing on joint policies that they are trying to implement. They have tried to put pressure on other member and non-member states of Europe that have been a source of the problem.The pressure forced by the EU on Turkey to prevent refugee ships from reaching EU countries like Greece or Italy recently led to the Turkish coast guard firing on a refugee boat 20 miles off the coast of northern Cyprus, killing one man and wounding five others.
There has also been cases of people illegally migrating into other European countries like Spain from the North Africa country of Morocco. The issue of deporting people residing in the EU illegally is also a major problem for Otto Schily. He claims that 500,000 people “under obligation to leave the country” but unable to be deported want to stay in Germany. He welcomes the intention of the Italian government to fingerprint all non EU foreigners. He says this is a measure he has already strongly recommended. Lastly there is also the trade in immigrants that is carried out organised gangs who profit from this. Young women and children are sometimes forced to work as prostitutes for these gangs. They are ferried across Europe in the back of lorries, ships or anything that they can be put in and stay undetected until they reach their destination.
2b: How are they dealing with this problem?
The Italian Interior Minister proposed a six month legal permit that it hoped will stem the flow of illegal immigration and at the same time reduce the cost on the part of the Italian government. The Minister reckons that with his proposal many immigrants will flow into the country through the government system rather than through profiteering gangs.The Swedish government has already stated that they will not restrict the movement of immigrants through its borders when the new member states join the European union. The governments stand is based on the European Union act that allows all members freedom of movement within member states.
The Swedish government think that the added labor coming from the the eastern countries will develop the Swedish economy. It does not plan to restrict movement but regulate it.The British government suggested having immigration and asylum centres outside the European Union were claims will be processed in one of those en route countries. If the plan is generally accepted it is hoped that it will help redistribute more fairly the number of immigrants in Europe. Britain has long been the preferred choice of immigrants coming into the European Union. This plan has proved to be very controversial as other less attractive countries do not want the extra cost it will incur if asylum seekers and immigrants were distributed more fairly across Europe.